2nd Grade Class Curriculum



 The second grade curriculum will include these skills as recommended by the Alabama State Department of Education.

By the end of Second Grade students should know:


· Recognizes base/root words (happy- happily, unhappy)

· Applies the following phonics skills: beginning, middle, and ending consonants; short (bed), long (hide), and r-controlled (car) vowels; blends (tr, pl), digraphs (wh, ch, gh), and diphthongs (oo, oi)

· Identifies suffixes and prefixes (-ful, re-)

· Identifies compound words (rainbow)

· Identifies rhyming words (cat, sat)

· Identifies homonyms(bear- animal, bear- without covering) , synonyms (big, large, huge), and antonyms (hot-cold, up-down)

· Identifies contractions (won’t- will not)

Written Communication

· Classifies words (nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs)

· Recognizes simple word opposites (antonyms)

· Alphabetizes words to the second letter

· Uses notebook paper correctly--identifies the front and back

· Begins sentences with a capital letter and ends sentences with appropriate punctuation mark

· Uses correct rules of usage and expression

· Writes three to five sentences about a topic

· Uses correct spelling for frequently used sight words, spelling words, and vocabulary words

· Reads own writing aloud to the class or small groups

· Begins to use dictionaries

· Writes simple stories with a beginning, middle, and end


· Reads and follows directions independently

· Reads independently for pleasure

· Reads for extended periods of time

· Selects and reads different genre

· Uses title page, table of contents, and glossary

· Recognizes the following elements of a given reading selection: main idea, details, sequence of events, and cause-effect relationships

· Identifies the beginning, middle, and end of a story

· Predicts what may happen in a story before and during a story using the pictures and vocabulary

· Uses a variety of strategies to read fiction and nonfiction

· Draws conclusions

· Compares/contrasts two things

· Distinguishes between reality and fantasy

· Reads different genre

· Self-corrects in oral reading by using context clues, prior knowledge, and by asking the following questions: Does it sound right? Does it make sense?

· Reads 90 words per minute

· Reads material on grade level


· Prints legibly

· Correctly forms letters and numbers

· Correctly spaces words and sentences


· Memorized basic addition and subtraction facts to 20

· Knows the math symbols +, -, =, <, >, x.

· Adds and subtracts 2 digit numbers with and without regrouping

· Adds combinations of 1, 2, and 3 digit numbers with and without regrouping

· Subtracts 1 and 2 digit numbers from 2 and 3 digit numbers without regrouping

· Completes one-step and two-step addition and subtraction problems

· Uses problem solving strategies such as draw a picture, guess and check, and make a chart

· Writes a number sentence that represents a picture or an array for addition and subtraction

· Knows even and odd numbers

· Correctly uses the terms all, some, and none

· Determines ordinal numbers to 20th

· Translates words to numerals and numerals to words through 1000

· Knows place value through hundreds

· Understands different names for numerals, for example: 3 hundreds, 2 tens, 4 ones; three hundred twenty-four; and 300+20+4 are different names for 324

· Knows numerical sequence to 1000 including; the number before, number after, number between two givens, number closest to a given, which is the least, which is the greatest, a number 10 more or less

· Predicts and completes patterns with shapes and/or colors

· Counts by ones, twos, fives, and tens up to 100; threes to 36; and fours to 48

· Constructs and interprets simple bar graphs and pictographs with up to 5 columns, using whole unit data

· Interprets symbols on graphs

· Counts money up to $2 and counts change received

· Tells time to the nearest 5 minute interval

· Follows a schedule

· Determines appropriate units to measure time (minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, years)

· Identifies a line of symmetry

· Knows which side of the ruler is inches and which side is centimeters

· Measures using inch, foot, pound, ounce, centimeter, meter, gram, and kilograms

· Identifies fractions: halves, thirds, fourths, fifths, sixths, and eighths

· Identifies spheres, cubes, cylinders, and cones


· Asks questions about the environment

· Understands life cycles of plants, insects, and animals

· Understands the causes of night and day

· Understands the states and properties of matter

· Identifies types of weather and seasons

· Understands producers, consumers, and decomposers

Social Studies:

· Identifies and follows rules

· Identifies city, state, country, continent, and planet we live on

· Develops and understanding of basic human rights

· Has a basic understanding of citizenship

· Identifies producers and consumers


  • learning to get along with other children and adults


  • having the opportunity to share experiences with others


  • developing responsibility for oneself


  • learning to accept and follow rules



  • developing a good self-concept


  • experiencing success in school work


  • becoming more independent and self-confident



  • practicing good health habits


  • participating in games and activities


  • developing large and small muscle coordination



  • expanding language skills


  • solving problems


  • expressing creativity through art and music


  • listening to stories


  • developing age appropriate reading and writing skills


  • exploring the world we live in


  • using mathematical concepts in everyday experiences